Image via WikipediaClaire McCaskill (D-MO) and the Senate Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Contracting Oversight held a hearing yesterday on Afghanistan Contracts: An Overview (Thursday | December 17, 2009). The five witnesses who were at the hearing yesterday are listed below with links to their testimonies. Additional documents for the hearing are archived at: Hearing 7: Afghanistan Contracts: An Overview (Documents):
Mr. William H. Campbell , III [view testimony] Director of Operations, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) U.S. Department of Defense
Mr. Edward M. Harrington [view testimony] Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army (Procurement), Department of the Army U.S. Department of Defense
Mr. Charles North [view testimony] Senior Deputy Director, Afghanistan-Pakistan Task Force U.S. Agency for International Development
Mr. Daniel F. Feldman [view testimony] Deputy Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan U.S. Department of State
Mr. Jeffrey Parsons [view testimony] Executive Director, Army Contracting Command, Department of the Army U.S. Department of Defense
Mr. Feldman, one of the Deputy Special Representatives for Af/Pak had this to say:
“We are shifting away from large U.S.-based contracts to smaller, more flexible reconstruction contracts with fewer sub-grants and sub-contracts that enable greater on-the-ground oversight. The premise behind this flexibility is simple: in a dynamic conflict environment like Afghanistan, we need to be able to adapt our programs as conditions change on the ground. These smaller contracts and grants will be managed by U.S. officials in the field, closer to the actual activity implementation, making it easier for those same officials to direct, monitor, and oversee projects to ensure the proper use of taxpayers' funds. In most cases, these contracts are implemented by local Afghan personnel. And if programs are not producing the anticipated results, our personnel now have increased authority to direct corrective actions.”
Read the whole thing here.
Mr. North, the Senior Deputy Director, Afghanistan-Pakistan Task Force for USAID had this to say on USAID Civilian Staffing in Afghanistan:
“As of December 7, 2009, USAID/Afghanistan has 180 American staff on the ground. It is anticipated that USAID will have 333 American staff on the ground in early 2010. USAID/Afghanistan also currently has 136 Afghan staff and 16 third country national staff. USAID/Afghanistan works with approximately 20,000 implementing personnel on USAID programs, 19,000 of whom are Afghan employees.”
Mr. North then concluded his testimony with this:
“Afghanistan is hungry for development. The United States, in coordination with its international partners, is providing jobs to the jobless, a voice to the voiceless, heat for cold homes, water for the thirsty, and food for the hungry. In short, it is offering Afghans a path to hope and sustainable development. We are optimistic about a new era of prosperity and peace. We are also optimistic that one day we will echo Woodrow Wilson’s famous words: ―The ear of the leader must ring with the voices of the people.”
Hey Woodrow Wilson – that sounds familiar –
Remember that new PRISM journal with the Armitage interview? Well, shucks – USAID Afghanistan Mission Director William M. Frej and David Hatch, USAID Program Officer had exactly the same thing, word for word in A New Approach to the Delivery of U.S. Assistance to Afghanistan!
Trust, Confidence, and Hope
"Afghanistan is hungry for development. The United States, in coordination with its international partners, is providing jobs to the jobless, a voice to the voiceless, heat for cold homes, water for the thirsty, and food for the hungry. In short, it is offering Afghans a path to hope and sustainable development. We are optimistic about a new era of prosperity and peace. We are also optimistic that one day we will echo Woodrow Wilson’s famous words: “The ear of the leader must ring with the voices of the people.”
In any case -- the day before the hearing, the Subcommittee Majority Staff circulated a memo, reported in the Federal Eye, examining reconstruction, development, and troop support contracts in Afghanistan. It lists among others, the following:
- Wasteful Spending on Defense Department Contracts Nears $1 Billion. According to federal auditors, approximately $950 million in questioned and unsupported costs has been submitted by Defense Department contractors for work in Afghanistan. This represents 16% of the total contract dollars examined.
- Number of Defense Department Contractors in Afghanistan May Reach 160,000. There are currently 104,000 Defense Department contractors currently working in Afghanistan. The increase in troops may require an additional 56,000 Defense Department contractors, bringing the total number of Defense contractors in Afghanistan to 160,000.
The Defense Department is the single largest employer of contractors in Afghanistan. As of September 30, 2009, there were approximately 104,000 Defense Department contractors and approximately 64,000 U.S. military personnel in Afghanistan. In other words, contractors comprised more than 60% of the Defense Department’s workforce in Afghanistan. In December 2008, contractors comprised 69% of the Defense Department’s workforce, the highest ratio of contractors to military personnel in US history.
- New Concerns about Troop Support Contracts. The Army continues to rely heavily on LOGCAP III, the monopoly troop support contract held by KBR, to support operations in Iraq, Kuwait, and Afghanistan. In 2010, the Army anticipates spending more than $657 million under LOGCAP III and approximately $87 million under LOGCAP IV – despite the fact that the Army intends to complete the transition from LOGCAP III to LOGCAP IV in Afghanistan by June 2010.
The memo also cites failure to apply lessons learned from Iraq such as:
- Poor Coordination of Interagency Efforts | No single individual or office currently has responsibility for coordinating development and reconstruction projects in Afghanistan. The SPOT database, a database intended to coordinate contracts and contractor personnel for all federal agencies in Iraq, was not implemented until July 2008 and, due to inadequate data, remains largely unused.
- Continual Personnel Turnover | The frequent turnover of personnel in Iraq led to significant gaps in contract management and oversight. According to Special Inspector General Bowen, the frequent changes in personnel increased the risk that contractors would not meet the contract requirements. The turnover also created opportunities for unscrupulous contractors to take advantage of the lack of oversight. GAO has reported that frequent staff turnovers also led to cost increases and schedule delays on reconstruction contracts in Iraq. Personnel turnover has been a challenge in Afghanistan as well. USAID, which generally requires its employees to serve tours of duty lasting between three to five years, has limited personnel to one-year tours in Afghanistan. The State Department’s foreign service officers are also limited to one-year tours. The Air Force, which supplies team leaders for Provincial Reconstruction Teams, rotates individuals every six months.
The memo says that the Defense Contract Audit Agency had reported it identified a total of more than $950 million in questioned and unsupported costs submitted by Defense Department contractors for work in Afghanistan during a briefing to Subcommittee staff on December 9, 2009. The majority staff concludes that the $950 million is likely to underestimate the total amount of wasteful or undocumented spending in Afghanistan because “Although the DCAA auditors have reviewed $5.9 billion in Afghanistan spending, this does not include all of the dollars spent under contracts in Afghanistan, including more than $2.1 billion spent under USAID reconstruction and development contracts.”